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Power Influence and Conflict Management of Ready-to-Wear (RTW) Store Supervisors  [PDF]
Kim Edward S. Santos, Mary Chris Austria-Cruz
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2020, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1106206
Abstract: Conflict awareness would enable managers to tackle the problems of operational performance, sustainability, and governance, more efficiently and effectively. This paper described the Ready-to-Wear (RTW) Store Supervisors’ personal power profile in terms of reward, coercive, legitimate, referent, and expert; and described the conflict management styles, such as competing, collaborating, compromising, avoiding and accommodating. Further, this paper determined Sex Difference on the Personal Power Profile and Conflict Management Styles of RTW Store Supervisors. This paper used descriptive method of research. The researchers distributed survey questionnaires to a total of 79 (33 males and 46 females) RTW store supervisors in Nueva Ecija with likert-scale responses and analyzed it through statistical data treatment such as mean, standard deviation and t-test. Based on the result of the study, the researchers concluded that, first, RTW store supervisors mostly prefer referent power in influencing their staff they will feel valued and personally accepted. Second, store supervisor least prefers coercive power to influence others. Third, in terms of conflict management styles, collaborating is always used, and accommodating and compromising are sometimes used as strategies in conflict situations. Last, there is sex difference in terms personal power profile and conflict management styles where female RTW store supervisors report higher on some domains as compared to male RTW store supervisors. In lieu of the forgoing conclusions, the researchers recommend that RTW store supervisors should strengthen the personal power profiles that recognize the value, accept strong relationship, give benefits needed, and show example of commitment. These powers are referent, expert and reward. Conflict situations are normal in any business; thus RTW store supervisors should develop skills in managing conflicts. Collaborating, accommodating and compromising are conflict management styles that often give positive results. It is further recommended that regardless of sex difference, all store supervisors must have training to fully develop skills in managing conflicts.
Prevalence of burnout syndrome and coping strategies
Beatriz Cruz Valdés,Fernando Austria Corrales,Loredmy Herrera Kienhelger,Jorge Salas Hernández
Suma Psicológica , 2011,
Abstract: The aim of this study was to assess the burnout syndrome in health workers duringa contingency in Mexico City because of epidemiology AH1N1 influenza, andidentify if the use of coping strategies had protective effects for the burnout. Wehad a sample of 477 health workers and was performed a transversal descriptivestudy with a nonrandom quote sample. The instruments used were MaslachBurnout Inventory Human Services version and scale measuring coping face toextreme risks. It was performed a frequency and normality distribution to analyzethe differences, and also an analysis of variance in burnout, and multiple linealregression for coping strategies. We found that 24% had burnout (in emotionalexhaustion and a moderate degree depersonalization, with the presence of personalaccomplishment). They were also employed active and passive strategies.We found that the use of coping strategies was selective, active strategies had amoderating role to burnout and protective to the scale of emotional exhaustion,which seems to increase when there is personal realization. We propose the developmentof quantitative and qualitative research and the use of mixed models ofintervention: focusing on people.
Structural relations between coping strategies and Burnout syndrome on health workers: A study of external and construct validity
Fernando Austria Corrales,Beatriz Cruz Valde,loredmy Herrera KienHelger,Jorge salas Hernández
Universitas Psychologica , 2012,
Abstract: The aim of this study was to validate hypothesized structural and functional relationships between coping strategies and factors associated with burnout syndrome in independent samples of health workers from different hospitals and hospital care settings. We applied the Maslach Burnout Inventory and the scale of Coping with Extreme Risks adapted to the Mexican population, we analyzed the responses of 354 health workers in a tertiary hospital and 300 from a reference hospital. The samples were intentional, non-probability, quota. The group was formed by nurses, paramedics, diagnostics services, physicians and resident physicians. Results confirmed the factor structure of the instruments in the twosamples and showed that the use of active coping strategies (control, information seeking, social support, among others) has protective effects on the factors associated withthe syndrome (emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and personal fulfillment at work), regardless of the sample, context and type of hospital care. We discuss the results andtheir implications in relation to external validity and findings in other related research.
Bounds on Geometric Eigenvalues of Graphs
Mary Radcliffe,Chris Williamson
Mathematics , 2015,
Abstract: The smallest nonzero eigenvalue of the normalized Laplacian matrix of a graph has been extensively studied and shown to have many connections to properties of the graph. We here study a generalization of this eigenvalue, denoted $\lambda(G, X)$, introduced by Mendel and Naor in 2010, obtained by embedding the vertices of the graph $G$ into a metric space $X$. We consider general bounds on $\lambda(G, X)$ and $\lambda(G, H)$, where $H$ is a graph under the standard distance metric, generalizing some existing results for the standard eigenvalue. We consider how $\lambda(G, H)$ is affected by changes to $G$ or $H$, and show $\lambda(G, H)$ is not monotone in either $G$ or $H$.
Mujeres en música
Galatas Ghezzi, Mary Cruz
Arbor : Ciencia, Pensamiento y Cultura , 2001,
Abstract: Not available No disponible
PREVALENCIA DEL SíNDROME DE BURNOUT Y ESTRATEGIAS DE AFRONTAMIENTO DURANTE UNA EPIDEMIA DE INFLUENZA AH1N1
Cruz Valdés,Beatriz; Austria Corrales,Fernando; Herrera Kienhelger,Loredmy; Salas Hernández,Jorge; Vega Valero,Cinthya Zaira;
Suma Psicológica , 2011,
Abstract: the aim of this study was to assess the burnout syndrome in health workers during a contingency in mexico city because of epidemiology ah1n1 influenza, and identify if the use of coping strategies had protective effects for the burnout. we had a sample of 477 health workers and was performed a transversal descriptive study with a nonrandom quote sample. the instruments used were maslach burnout inventory human services version and scale measuring coping face to extreme risks. it was performed a frequency and normality distribution to analyze the differences, and also an analysis of variance in burnout, and multiple lineal regression for coping strategies. we found that 24% had burnout (in emotional exhaustion and a moderate degree depersonalization, with the presence of personal accomplishment). they were also employed active and passive strategies. we found that the use of coping strategies was selective, active strategies had a moderating role to burnout and protective to the scale of emotional exhaustion, which seems to increase when there is personal realization. we propose the development of quantitative and qualitative research and the use of mixed models of intervention: focusing on people.
Construcción de índices de desempe o financiero mediante el Análisis de Componentes Principales, 2004-2005
Marco Antonio Austria Carlos
Análisis Económico , 2007,
Abstract: El objetivo de esta investigación es aplicar el análisis factorial a un conjunto de variables financieras con características similares, de tal manera que sea posible identificar la estructura subyacente entre éstas mediante el resumen y la reducción de los datos. Con la utilización del Análisis de Componentes Principales (ACP), el cual nos permite la construcción de índices de desempe o financiero, será posible determinar en qué medida una empresa asume posiciones similares a aquellas que en el pasado le representaron algún tipo de problema financiero.
Larvicidal and knockdown effects of some essential oils against Culex quinquefasciatus Say, Aedes aegypti (L.) and Anopheles stephensi (Liston)  [PDF]
A. Manimaran, M. Mary Jee Jee Cruz, C. Muthu, S. Vincent, S. Ignacimuthu
Advances in Bioscience and Biotechnology (ABB) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/abb.2012.37106
Abstract: Efficacy of 25 essential oils was screened against filarial vector, Culex quinquefasciatus, for their larvicidal and knockdown effects in a preliminary study. Of these, 8 oils viz. calamus oil, cinnamon oil, citronella oil, clove oil, eucalyptus oil, lemon oil, mentha oil and orange oil exhibited 100% larvicidal activity at 1000 ppm and 100% knockdown effect at 10% concentration. These 8 oils were screened further against Cx. Quinquefasciatus, Aedes aegypti and Anopheles stephensi for their larvicial and knockdown effects at different concentrations. Mentha oil was the most promising against An. Stephensi and Ae. Aegypti recording LC50 and LC90 values of 39.74 and 115.67 ppm and 46.23 and 165.36 ppm, respectively for larvicidal activity. Calamus oil was the most effective against Cx. Quinquefasciatus with LC50 and LC90 values of 40.40, and 140.07 ppm, respectively for larvicidal activity. Orange oil showed the most potent knockdown effect with the KT50 and KT95 values of 27.44, 26.22 and 29.91 and 70.81, 65.33 and 68.57 min, against An. stephensi, Cx. Quinquefasciatus and Ae. Aegypti, respectively. The results clearly indicated that mentha oil and calamus oil were the most promising larvicides and orange oil had potent knockdown effect against the tested mosquito species. These oils could be used to develop a new formulation to control mosquitoes.
Diabetic gastroparesis: a gastrointestinal complication underdiagnosed in diabetic neuropathy (Gastroparesia diabética: una complicación gastrointestinal subdiagnósticada en la neuropatía diabética)
Carpio-Deheza Gonzalo,Almendras Mary Cruz
Revista Médico-Científica “Luz y Vida” , 2011,
Abstract: Diabetic gastroparesis is a syndrome characterized by delayed gastricemptying in the absence of mechanical obstruction of stomach.The major symptoms are postprandial fullness (early satiety), nausea,vomiting and abdominal distension, although many patientsremains asymptomatic. This condition has been linked to diabetesas the primary cause.Although this complication of Diabetes Mellitus is not considereda substantial factor to increase morbidity and/or mortality. It is important from the point of view of subsequent changes generated,such us the alteration in the absorption of oral medications by different mechanisms. -RESUMEN: La Gastroparesia Diabética es un síndrome caracterizado por retardo en el vaciamiento gástrico en ausencia de obstrucción mecánicadel estómago. Los síntomas más importantes son plenitud postprandial (saciedad precoz), náuseas, vómitos y distensión abdominal,aunque si bien en muchos pacientes la misma se mantieneasintomática. La misma ha sido relacionada con la diabetes comosu primera causa.Si bien esta complicación de la Diabetes Mellitus, no es consideradacomo una que aumente cuantiosamente la morbilidad y/o mortalidad, la misma es importante desde el punto de vista de las alteraciones que genera a posteriori, dentro de ellas, está la alteraciónen la absorción de medicamentos por vía oral, por distintosmecanismos.
全球重要農業文化遺產:一個有助于提高農業、生態與傳統社會可持續性的綜合觀點
Mary,Jane,Dela,Cruz,Parviz,Koohafkan
資源科學 , 2009,
Abstract: 20世紀90年代以來,可持續發展理念在全球取得了廣泛共識并延伸到農業生產系統,根據可持續發展戰略和環境議程的需要,各個國家均已構建了許多自然資源可持續管理的途徑并付諸實施,支持了鄉村社區的發展并提高了他們的生計水平。本文簡要概括了一種自然資源可持續管理的途徑及其背景和特點。這種綜合管理途徑,如全球重要農業文化遺產的動態保護以及與其相關的農業和生態知識系統,至今仍然對傳統社會、應對全球氣候變化和維持生計有著重要的影響,值得進一步重新審視。2002年,聯合國糧農組織發起的重要活動之一就是全球重要農業文化遺產(GIAHS)的保護與適應性管理,該項目旨在對全球重要的、受到威脅的傳統農業文化遺產系統進行保護。全球重要農業文化遺產是指:“農村與其所處環境長期協同進化和動態適應下所形成的獨特的土地利用系統和農業景觀,這些系統與景觀具有豐富的生物多樣性,而且可以滿足當地社會經濟與文化發展的需要,有利于促進區域可持續發展”,是在當地資源條件、不斷發展變化的知識體系與經過長期驗證的豐富經驗的基礎上,反映了人類與文化多樣性的協同發展,揭示了人與自然和諧共生的深刻關系。這些生動鮮活且不斷演變進化的系統和社區,一直保持著與諸如自然、家庭、社區、歷史以及對其自然環境的歸屬感等融為一體所具有的特性。全球重要農業文化遺產的動態保護,是綜合管理途徑的一個具體實例,是一個將農業、生態與傳統社會可持續性融合在一起的綜合觀點。這項計劃正在全球范圍實施,以促進對全球重要農業文化遺產的認識并保障其繼續協同發展。該項目所推動的動態保護途徑將:1)在國際和國家層面上,進一步推動公眾對全球重要農業文化遺產內在價值的認識;2)在試點國家制定部門內部及部門間的計劃和政策時,將GIAHS中的全球重要農業生物多樣性的保護和適應性管理作為主要內容;3)通過采用考慮到生態與文化相互作用的新技術,促進當地社區社會政策與經濟的發展;4)通過實踐和經驗交流,進一步推廣和擴大GIAHS的保護。
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